Monkeypox: Not currently a global health emergency according to the WHO

The manager of this agencyU.N.Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, had convened a meeting of experts on this topic on Thursday to find out whether theWHO in view of this epidemic, which mainly affects western Europe, should trigger the highest level of alert.

A far cry from the countries of Central and West Africa, where the disease has long been endemic, an increase in the number of monkeypox cases has been noted since early May.

More than 3200 confirmed cases and one death have been reported to itWHO from about 50 countries where the disease is not endemic this year.

In addition, since the beginning of 2022, almost 1,500 suspected cases and around 70 deaths have been reported in Central Africa, especially in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic and Cameroon, Tedros said on Thursday.

The Emergency Committee has expressed deep concern at the scale and speed of spread of the current outbreak Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus noted many unknowns about this phenomenon, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement released after reviewing the expert report representing their agreed position.

In general, they suggested to me in the report that the outbreak does not currently constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (USPPI), which is the WHO’s highest alert level, but they agreed that convening the committee itself did so reflects growing concern about the international spread of monkeypoxaccording to the text.

Mr Tedros had announced on June 14 that he would convene an emergency committee to assess whether the current outbreak was one USPPI.

The last USPPI was declared in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Men are most affected

Known in humans since 1970, monkeypox, or Simian orthopox virusis considered a rare disease.

It initially leads to a high fever and quickly progresses to a skin rash with scabs. Mostly benign, it usually heals spontaneously after two or three weeks.

It is usually due to a virus transmitted to humans from infected animals. In the current outbreak, however, the focus is on human-to-human transmission.

The majority of cases reported to date involve men who have sex with men. Unless the infection is sexually transmitted, transmission can occur through close contact, such as during sex.

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