The ARS of Corsica informs about the occurrence of a first confirmed case of monkeypox (commonly called monkeypox) in Corsica.
A few days ago a person was seen with mild symptoms consistent with monkeypox. His condition shows no signs of seriousness.
This is an adult with no travel history to a country where the virus is circulating.
An in-depth epidemiological investigation was carried out by teams from Public Health France and ARS Corsica, in collaboration with the treating doctor.
Persons who were in close contact with this patient were identified. They have received information from the health authorities on what needs to be done to contain the spread of the virus and management measures have been implemented.
What is monkeypox (Monkeypox)?
Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus. This zoonotic disease is usually transmitted to humans in forested areas of Central and West Africa by wild rodents or primates, but human-to-human transmission is also possible, particularly within families or in foster care settings.
How is it transmitted?
The monkeypox virus can be transmitted through direct contact with lesions on the skin or mucous membranes of a sick person, as well as through droplet infection (saliva, sneezing, syringes, etc.). Sexual intercourse, with or without penetration, fulfills these conditions for contagion, and having multiple partners increases the risk of exposure to the virus.
Contamination can also occur through contact with the patient’s environment (bed linen, clothing, dishes, bath linen, etc.). It is therefore important that patients remain isolated for the entire duration of the disease (until the last scabs disappear, usually 3 weeks).
In central or western Africa, humans can also become infected through contact with animals, whether wild or captive, dead or alive, such as rodents or monkeys.
Monkeypox virus infection is not known as an STI, but direct contact with broken skin during sexual intercourse facilitates transmission.
What are the symptoms ?
Infection with the monkeypox virus can cause a blistering rash, consisting of fluid-filled blisters that dry up, become crusted, and then scar. Itching may occur. The vesicles are more concentrated on the face, anogenital area, palms and soles, but may also be present on the trunk and limbs. The mucous membranes are also affected, in the mouth and genital area. This rash may be accompanied by fever, headache, body aches, and asthenia. Lymph nodes may be swollen and painful, under the jaw, in the neck, or in the groin crease. Sore throats are also reported.
The incubation of the disease can last from 5 to 21 days. The fever phase lasts about 1 to 3 days. The disease usually heals spontaneously after 2 to 3 weeks, but sometimes after 4 weeks.
Is smallpox of the sign serious?
The disease is more severe in children and immunocompromised people. It can be complicated by superinfection of skin lesions or by respiratory, digestive, ophthalmologic, or neurologic disorders.
At this stage, cases reported in Europe are mostly mild and no deaths have been reported.