The efforts of its mayors and governors, such as Alonso Salazar and Sergio Farjardo, a two-time unsuccessful presidential candidate, have something to do with it.
Medellin has become less dangerous, but retains its dark side. Because it is now the city where all vices are allowed and attracts very sulphurous tourists. And beware of those who criticize.
Luis Fernando Quijano, head of the human rights NGO CORPADES, is a threatened man. He started the website 10 years ago Analisis urbano, which publishes everything about the violence perpetrated against the citizens of Medellin and the Antioquia department. Which earned him many enemies.
In 2016, just before the referendum on the peace accords lost by President Juan Manuel Santos, Luis Fernando Quijano told us:
Medellin is not the biggest brothel in the world, but it is the cheapest.
Today he adds:
rumba dura, la fête extrême, cocaïne et tourisme sexuel: femmes, hommes, garçons, petites filles, voire tous en même temps. Ceci est un vrai bordel.”,”text”:”Ici, c’est la rumba dura, la fête extrême, cocaïne et tourisme sexuel: femmes, hommes, garçons, petites filles, voire tous en même temps. Ceci est un vrai bordel.”}}”>Here it is Rumba dura, extreme parties, cocaine and sex tourism: women, men, boys, little girls or even all at the same time. This is a real mess.
” Medellin has become a paradise for all mafias in the world, at a very high level, Danish, Dutch, Canadian. »
The legacy of Pablo Escobar
Four years ago, Luis Fernando Quijano denounced the presence in Medellin of Mexican cartels from Sinaloa and Jalisco, a new generation of coke traders on the Pacific Coast who have joined the local mafia: the Clan del Golfo and the Office of Envigado.
That is, argues Luis Fernando Quijano, who Clan del Golfo does not exist in itself. It is actually the Gaitanist Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, Heirs to the narco-paramilitary groups that until recently terrorized the north of the country. And the Office of Envigado is the heiress to the Medellin cartel and Pablo Escobar. The phrase comes from this phrase he said to his family:
I go to the office – the pharmacy – located then in the Envigado district of Medellin. The group, mysterious but powerful, is suspected of invading all layers of society: police, army, business and politics.
Corruption is probably Colombia’s greatest evil, and the biggest challenge facing newly-elected Gustavo Petro, the country’s first left-wing president, will be tackling the drug trade that drives it.
The Narco State
The situation has deteriorated under the government of outgoing President Ivan Duque (2018-2022). According to Felipe Tascon, an economist-turned-drug trafficker, Colombia now produces 75% of all the world’s cocaine, up from 50% four years ago. Bolivia and Peru provide the rest.
Under Pablo Escobar, Colombia did not grow coca. She is currently the number one producer in the world. And the illicit money that this trade brings in accounts for 6% of the country’s GDP, a fortune that flows to all strata of society.
Luis Fernando Quijano travels in a convoy of two armored vehicles with four government bodyguards. But he is trying to get his family out of the country because they have no protection.
” It’s like Pablo Escobar is still alive. Crime permeates all of society. Pablo Escobar’s legacy lives on because it has grown stronger over the decades. It’s there, embedded in the Colombian state. »
A narco state, completes the economist Felipe Tascon. With drug mafias who have to join ELN guerrilla groups and FARC dissidents.