How to distinguish the symptoms

While colds, flu and Covid-19 are caused by different viruses, they can share common symptoms. So how to distinguish the three pathologies?

When winter approaches, the traditional seasonal colds and flu should appear soon. Only at these times they add an extra difficulty coronavirus pandemic : How to separate the two diseases of Covid-19? scratchy throatCough, diarrhea… The clinical signs of the three conditions can sometimes be very similar.

Although it is indeed difficult to tell them apart, the British public health system (the National Health Service) produces a Guide to their most common manifestationstransmitted by tthe guardto help people know if they should isolate and get tested. The order in which the symptoms appear should also guide you.

The most common symptoms of Covid-19

That Covid-19 symptoms can be from different strengths :

  • fever (temperature above 37.8 °C);
  • A persistent cough (usually dry);
  • Loss of taste and/or smell.

Patients may also experience fatigue, body aches, sore throats, headaches, and shortness of breath. Diarrhea and a runny/blocked nose are less common.

The most common cold symptoms

That Manifestations of the common cold usually appear gradually. Here are the symptoms:

  • Sneeze;
  • body aches ;
  • A runny/blocked nose;
  • Sore throat.

While a mild cough or fatigue may occur, it’s less common to develop a fever or headache.

The most common flu symptoms

That flu symptoms rather appear quickly. Among them are:

  • Fever ;
  • Fatigue;
  • a dry cough;
  • body aches ;
  • Headache.

Patients may also experience runny/blocked nose, sore throat, chills but not sneezing or shortness of breath.

Cold, flu or Covid-19: which illness do you suffer from?

Some symptoms are more crucial than others and their combination can make it possible to distinguish these three pathologies. Find out which illness you suffer from between the common cold, flu and Covid-19 based on your symptoms:

  • you sneeze : If there are no other symptoms, it is probably a cold. do not forget to do it in your elbow or in a disposable handkerchief to avoid spreading germs. Wash your hands regularly.
  • You have a stuffy/runny nose : It’s probably a cold, but if you catch one loss of taste or smellthe diagnosis is more based on Covid-19. Get tested and stay isolated while awaiting test results.
  • You have a fever : If it is rather rare in colds and more common in flu, it is one of the main symptoms of Covid-19. With flu or Covid-19, fever is often accompanied by a headache. It is advisable to get tested.
  • you cough : persistent cough – annoying for more than an hour or three coughing fits in 24 hours – is the symptom the most common of Covid-19. For more serious breathing problems, do not hesitate to contact your doctor.
  • Your health is deteriorating : If you have any concerns, don’t hesitate to get help.

And for Avoid contamination of any kind, Respect barrier gestures (hand washing, social distancing, wear a mask).

Sources used:

Leave a Comment