Housing shortage: 110,000 more apartments are urgently needed

There is an urgent need for as many as 110,149 more homes across Quebec, according to a new compilation by the Association of Construction and Housing Professionals of Quebec, which has identified the hardest-hit areas.

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“Some households are currently reluctant to buy a home because of the lack of properties to buy, the associated overbidding and the unchecked price increases,” warns Paul Cardinal, director of the economic department of the Association of Quebec Building and Housing Professionals (APCHQ).

Although it was known that more than 110,149 homes were missing across Quebec, the association estimated needs in the various metropolitan areas and in certain key metropolitan areas (see table below).

Of the 110,149, more than 15,000 are private rental properties and 58,000 are missing properties for sale. 37,149 households are also waiting for HLM (low income housing) or a supplement to regular rent.

Overall, more than 52% of the 58,000 missing properties for sale are in the Montreal area, or 30,300, APCHQ estimates. There is a deficit of 4,600 properties in the Quebec region and 3,800 in the Gatineau region.

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At least 10,000 more per year

If we go into catch-up mode, APCHQ says we need to build 10,000 more homes annually over the next decade, hence the urgency to act.

“The current housing shortage is responsible for rising prices in the resale market as well as upward pressure on rental housing rents. The only way to sustainably reduce real estate overheating is to increase supply,” analyzes APCHQ’s Paul Cardinal.

Three big hurdles

According to the association, there are three obstacles to the development of supply: the shortage of workers, supply problems in connection with the pandemic, which is driving up costs, and interest rates.

early June, The newspaper pointed out that 24% fewer bungalows are being built than before and that their prices are skyrocketing, some are even seeing the end of the Quebec suburbs as we know them.

At the same time, densification often proves to be difficult in some communities.

Damage from “not in my backyard”

In the Pays du Suroît in Beauharnois, former mayor Bruno Tremblay says he’s sometimes experienced densification the hard way.

“When I was in office, we tried very hard to further develop our range of housing through densification. The population doesn’t always like that,” he admits, taking a step back.

“I’m a big believer in densification for environmental reasons and to organize public transport, but we still have step syndrome in my backyard. It’s difficult,” he breathes.

Bruno Tremblay

Franz Halin

Bruno Tremblay

90 kilometers away, in Farnham, in Estrie, the housing shortage is a howling problem which town hall has said has been exacerbated by the health crisis.

“We have a developer who started an affordable housing program, but the pandemic has pushed up material costs so they can only build nine affordable housing units instead of around thirty,” said its mayor, Patrick Melchior.

In his opinion, given their better knowledge of the area, cities should have more leeway to manage housing projects themselves.

“We have the expertise. Let the government trust us and we will deal with the promoters and the projects,” concludes the one who also wears the prefect hat of the MRC Brome-Missisquoi.

♦ Last May, housing starts exceeded 5,525, up 9% from May 2021. This is the first rise after five consecutive monthly declines.


  • Lower St. Laurentius: 446
  • Saguenay Lac Saint Jean: 402
  • national capital: 1955
  • Moritz: 335
  • estria: 536
  • Montreal: 23,529
  • Outaouais: 1052
  • Abitibi-Témiscamingue: 324
  • north coast : 84
  • Northern Quebec: 1165
  • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine: 337
  • Chaudiere-Appalachia: 441
  • Lava: 1244
  • Lanaudiere: 623
  • Laurentians: 709
  • Monte control: 3676
  • Centre-du-Quebec: 291


  • Montreal Region: 9900
  • Quebec Region: 1100
  • Region of Gatineau: 600
  • Sherbrooke Region: 800
  • Trois Rivières region: 100
  • Saguenay Region: 200
  • Drummondville: 300
  • Granny: 280
  • Rimouski: 200
  • St. Hyacinth: 150
  • Alma: 50
  • Joliet: 170
  • Wolf River: 80
  • Rouyn Noranda: 90
  • Saint George: 80
  • Sorel Tracy: 70
  • Salaberry de Valleyfield: 140
  • Victoriaville: 120
  • Rest of Quebec: 570


  • Montreal Region: 30 300
  • Quebec Region: 4600
  • Region of Gatineau: 3800
  • Sherbrooke Region: 1500
  • Trois Rivières region: 1000
  • Saguenay Region: 700
  • Drummondville: 500
  • Granny: 800
  • Rimouski: 400
  • St. Hyacinth: 500
  • Alma: 200
  • joliette 400
  • Wolf River: 200
  • Rouyn Noranda: 300
  • Saint George: 200
  • Sorel Tracy: 500
  • Salaberry de Valleyfield: 500
  • Victoriaville: 300
  • Rest of Quebec: 11,300

Source: Quebec Construction and Housing Professionals Association

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