The French are not sufficiently aware of the dangers of excessive UV exposure. This is the observation of the study Les Français et le soleil, carried out by the Solar Security Association with Ifop and the strategic study agency D’Cap Research. As a summer begins that promises to be very hot, “The idea that the sun is potentially carcinogenic in high doses has only moderately taken root in people’s minds”emphasizes the association, collaborating center of the WHO.
For example, 24% of the population is unaware that sunburn in childhood is a risk factor for skin cancer in adulthood, just 3% more than when the topic was last surveyed in 2000. And 7% still think that these early burns “preparing the skin” at future exhibitions
The UV index, a tool less familiar to the youngest
“You have to say that we started from a very far awaystresses Pierre Cesarini, deputy director for solar security. In the early 1990s Ignorance of the risks of childhood sun exposure was total. » From 1995, the weather journalists of the major networks included mention of UV indices in their bulletins. “This has made it possible to familiarize many French people with this instrument for measuring the intensity of the sun”explains Pierre Cesarini, recalling that the moderators often took the opportunity to draw parents’ attention to the days when “it hit”.
This also helped anchor knowledge of the most dangerous time slot between 12pm and 4pm. At least among the over 50s, with 18 to 35 year olds appearing to be significantly less informed than their elders. “The UV index is less familiar to young adults, knowledge of the risks is dulled and protective behavior is less developed”, find the club. High protection hat, glasses and sunscreen are not always available. “worrisome,Parents, especially babies, are less knowledgeable than their own parents. »
80% of skin cancers are sun-related
In question, according to Pierre Cesarini, public health messages are still too focused on traditional media when the younger generation is first receiving information on their smartphones. “Prevention in schools is evolving, but action is needed for young adults”he pleads.
According to the League Against Cancer, sun abuse is responsible for 80% of skin cancer cases. Its most severe form, melanoma, is the leading cause of cancer death in young adults.