Pancreatic cancer will become more and more important in the future

THE ESSENTIAL

  • Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest types of cancer.
  • There is currently no cure for pancreatic cancer.

It is said that only 10 to 20% of pancreatic cancer cases can be surgically removed with the aim of curing the tumor Department of Digestive Hepatobiliary and Endoctrinal Surgery of Cochin Hospital. That means 80% to 90% of other pancreatic cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, according to the website Vidala French medical book for health professionals.

Why is this cancer recognized so late? It takes some time for the symptoms of this disease to appear: abdominal or back pain, IAunisse, weight loss, fatigue… When they appear, it is often too late to cure the cancer because The tumor is inoperable. In this case, a chemotherapy protocol is used to slow the development of the disease, relieve symptoms and improve the patient’s quality of life.

Second leading cause of cancer death by 2030

The development of the disease begins in the cells of the pancreas. But over time and without treatment, the cancer cells multiply anarchically. These can also detach from the tumor and reach other parts of the body such as the lymph nodes, the liver or the peritoneum, the membrane that surrounds the stomach… according to a study published in the journal cancer researchIt could be pancreatic cancer second leading cause of cancer death by 2030.

Smoking is often considered one of the main risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Of course asNational Cancer Institute, smoking is actually associated with the development of this disease. Nevertheless, the authors note that the decline in the number of smokers in the population during this decade has not been accompanied by a decline in the incidence of pancreatic cancer. They therefore explain that there are other risk factors.

A healthy lifestyle

Obesity, chronic pancreatitis – i.e. an inflammation of the pancreas, which can be due to excess fat around the pancreas or excessive alcohol consumption – but also diabetes are very large risk factors for pancreatic cancer. This last is characterized by too high a blood sugar level, hyperglycemia.

Therefore, in order to limit as much as possible the risk of developing this pathology, it is ideal to adopt a healthy lifestyle from an early age: do not smoke, consume alcohol judiciously, eat a balanced diet without excess, and exercise regularly. Public Health France recommends consuming a maximum of two glasses of alcohol per day, not every day, and no more than ten glasses per week. On the athletic side, theWorld Health Organization recommends 150 to 300 minutes of moderate exercise or at least 75 to 100 minutes of vigorous physical activity per week.

In 2018, there were 14,184 new cases of pancreatic cancer in FranceNational Cancer Institute. It is the ninth most common cancer in men and the seventh most common in women.

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