Prostate cancer is one of the most curable. According to the National Cancer Institute, prostate cancer has a 93% chance of survival. However, the organization still recorded 8,100 deaths in 2018 and 50,400 new cases in the same year.
Two associations, the ANAMACaP (National Association of Prostate Cancer Patients) and the FDCP (Endowment Fund for Innovation in the Management of Prostate Cancer), provide information on the benefits of early detection, which they believe would limit the risk of death.
ANAMACaP’s mission is to provide information about prostate cancer and support patients and their families. The FDCP aims to accelerate access to diagnostic and therapeutic innovations for the benefit of patients.
Two screening methods
There are two screening methods. There are two ways to detect prostate cancer: a palpation of the prostate to check its volume, consistency or texture, and a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test, which aims to measure the level of PSA in the blood using a conventional measure blood tests.
Health authorities do not recommend routine PSA screening for asymptomatic men. Claude Oustlant, President of the FDCP and Member Administrator of ANAMACaP, regrets this: “PSA screening, which does not detect cancer as such, gives an indication of the possibility of a disease and may require additional investigations. These examinations make it possible to assess the severity of a possible pathology.
Screening to contain the disease
Claude Oustlant is committed to having this screening organized by the authorities from the age of 50, just like screening for breast and lung cancer: “Not doing the screening means losing the chance of surviving the cancer. If the screening comes too late, metastases develop in the body that can affect the bones, spine or lungs. If we catch it early, the chances of survival are better,” he says.
There are symptoms that should alert you to a possible prostate disease: “This can be at the level of urination, with frequent urination or incontinence,” specifies Claude Oustlant. While these signs don’t necessarily indicate cancer, they should encourage you to see a doctor.
For the President of the FDCP, it is important to consult two different doctors because “it is important to have two opinions to find the right solution,” he explains. Because there are several ways to treat this disease: prostatectomy or removal of the prostate and blisters, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
On this point, Claude Oustlant explains that early detection allows better treatment of the disease, avoiding long therapy sessions: “Sometimes it is better to have active surveillance, to carefully observe the patient to see if the situation changes afterwards. »