teacher with only a high school diploma

With the Abitur it is possible to become a teacher. Four people with only a DES were approved by Quebec last year to teach in an elementary or secondary school. A situation that shows how the schools are “poorly used”, according to the directions.

Posted at 7:45 p.m

Marie Eve Morasse

Marie Eve Morasse
The press

In the 2020-2021 school year, teacher shortages brought more than 3,700 people without teaching qualifications into the classroom under an “engagement tolerance” granted by the Department of Education.

Ten learned it simply because of their Abitur certificate (DES). The press after a request for information. The ministry said six had been hired for vocational training and four for general youth training.

This proves how “we are misreceived in schools,” says Nicolas Prévost, president of the Quebec Federation of Educational Establishment Directors (FQDE).


Nicolas Prévost, President of the Quebec Federation of Education Institution Directors

“I’ve seen it before: students who graduated from high school the year before, who are in college, coming up to say their names. Often these are short-term stays, not long-term contracts. But it happens. We are here,” said Mr Prévost.

Which leads to unusual scenes. “You can find yourself managing your friends who were in third or fourth high school the year before and who are in fifth. And you, you are in CEGEP “, illustrates the President of the FQDE.

In October 2020 the daily The right reported that a new high school graduate was hired to teach math at a high school at the Cœur-des-Vallées School Service Center (CSSCV) in Outaouais.

“Prior to this year, we generally didn’t hire people who didn’t have at least one [diplôme d’études collégiales] To teach. For the first time we had to revise our criterion downwards”, explained the Secretary General of the CSSCV, Jasmin Bellavance, to the journalist Daniel Leblanc.

“Not the best service”

The number of non-legally qualified teachers in Quebec schools has never been higher in the last 10 years. “We have some very good ones, but we also have some that don’t work. It’s that simple,” says Nicolas Prévost.

For the Department of Education, a “service disruption” is the absence of a teacher in a class. The FQDE sees it differently.

“If I find myself with a non-legally qualified person who doesn’t have the tools to teach third grade, does the student have optimal service? The answer is no,” says the President.

Would such a situation be acceptable in other professions? he asks.

As far as I know, there aren’t many occupational groups where you take Pierre, Jean, Jacques and say: go to class.

Nicolas Prévost, President of the Quebec Federation of Education Institution Directors

Were there only teachers with Abitur at primary and secondary schools this year? The Department of Education tells us that the latest data on unqualified teachers is from last year.

Numbers obtained from The press, which includes teachers in general youth education as well as in vocational education, also point out that 300 people who obtained a provisional teaching license had a university of applied sciences degree. Nearly 400 others had college degrees.

The majority of non-legally qualified teachers (2055) have a Matura certificate.

In collaboration with William Leclerc, The press

Learn more

  • 3757
    Number of non-legally qualified teachers in Quebec schools in 2020-2021

    Source: Quebec Ministry of Education

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