The most common skin problems and their causes

Identify the most common skin problems and their causes

Redness, itching and other temporary symptoms can occur, for example, in the case of an immune deficiency or during a phase of intense stress on the skin. Knowing how to identify the most common pathologies, you can save time dealing with a specialist.

eczema and psoriasis

Although they look similar, these two skin problems have different causes.

Atopic dermatitis affects almost 10% of the population, it is the most common skin disease. It can affect any area of ​​the body but often remains localized in the hands, face, elbows, or scalp.

The symptoms are well known: itching, redness and sometimes blistering with a dry feeling on the skin. It should be noted that eczema on dull skin results in a distinct brown or gray area.

Flares of eczema are favored by dry skin. This hinders the skin in its role as an anti-allergen barrier. Screening for skin allergies is therefore recommended for people prone to neurodermatitis. This can be done at a center that specializes in skin problems.

We also think of the usual medical prescriptions: emollient creams and topical corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory agents) as advised by your specialist.

Psoriasis manifests itself in the form of red spots that can be numerous and scattered over a large area, we will also see scales. One or more joints are often affected, leading to pain and joint swelling.

Psoriasis is called an autoimmune disease because it is where the body attacks its own tissues, causing many skin cells to be produced. This results in an accumulation of dry skin areas. The causes of psoriasis have not yet been clearly identified, but certain environmental factors, including stress, appear to play a role.

acne

Acne, which everyone knows, is associated with the inflammation of the sebaceous glands located under the skin.

Acne in men mainly occurs on the face, back and chest, but it can affect any area of ​​the skin.

Common in adolescence, it should be noted that it can return at any age. It can have a hormonal cause or be related to diet or heredity, certain specific medications can also promote it. There are also certain pathologies that promote the appearance of acne, such as polycystic ovary syndrome.

Acne is usually treated with an appropriate topical antiseptic. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions on this. It should be noted that certain dietary adjustments (such as stopping excessive sugar consumption) may help reduce its spread.

fungal infections

Yeast infections are fungal (fungus) infections that cause skin rashes in particular. They are sometimes accompanied by discoloration of the skin and can also reach the nails.

They are caused by yeast fungi that multiply under certain conditions: skin folds associated with obesity, diabetes, etc.

Fungal infections are particularly common on the feet, so it’s always a good idea to wash and dry them properly.

Most of these infections can be cured with a gel or ointment. Ask your doctor for advice on this subject, he will direct you to the appropriate treatment.

When in doubt about a skin problem, consult a doctor quickly for advice. You can also find more information on how to identify these skin problems on the Doctissimo website.

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