- Due to menopause, osteoporosis is two to three times more common in women than in men.
- Osteoporotic fractures are a major cause of morbidity and disability in the elderly and often lead to premature death.
It’s no secret that smoking cigarettes is responsible for the occurrence of numerous diseases such as respiratory diseases and lung and throat cancer. But is there a link between smoking and fracture risk in men? This is the question researchers at the University of Nevada in the USA are asking themselves. To answer this, they conducted a study, the results of which were published in the journal Scientific Reports 3rd of June.
As part of this work, the scientists searched several databases, including Google Scholar and WorldCat. They analyzed nearly 30,000 fracture cases reported in 27 cohorts over the past three decades.
“Smoking is a major risk factor for osteoporosis”
Overall, smoking increases the risk of a bone fracture by 37%. This current study confirms previous cohorts that smoking increases the risk of spine and hip fractures in men by 32% and 40%, respectively. And according to older studies, between 21% and 37% of injured smokers die within a year of their fracture.
“Smoking is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fracture risk. Men tend to smoke more than women, which increases their risk of osteoporosis, traditionally thought to be a female disease,” Qing Wu, lead author of the study, said in a statement.
Chemicals in cigarettes increase the risk of broken bones
According to the team, the impact of cigarette smoking on fracture risk is not yet well understood. The authors suggested that the fractures were caused by chemicals in cigarettes. These substances have a negative effect on bone cells and reduce the body’s ability to absorb vitamin D and calcium. “Additionally, nicotine has been shown to disrupt the tissue repair process, making the body more susceptible to injury and inhibiting fracture healing.” added the researcher. According to scientists, quitting smoking is important because it would significantly reduce the risk of fractures in all smokers, especially in men.