(United Nations) The UN Security Council is called to vote Thursday night, at the request of Washington, on a resolution tightening international sanctions on North Korea to sanction its missile launches, despite the risk of causing a veto by China and Russia.
Posted at 5:13pm
Updated at 9:10 p.m
The United States, President-in-Office of the Council in May, has drawn up a draft resolution that provides in particular for a further reduction in oil imports by Pyongyang.
According to a senior US official, a 2017 Security Council resolution, then passed unanimously, called for additional sanctions in the event of an ICBM launch, like the one likely carried out by the North Koreans on Wednesday.
“That was one of the terms of that resolution. That’s exactly what happened, and that’s why we think now is the time to act,” he said when Washington recently warned of an impending new North Korean nuclear test.
According to a diplomat, who spoke on condition of anonymity, Beijing could impose new sanctions in the event of nuclear experiments. But not for missile testing, he said.
“We do not believe that the American resolution can solve any problem,” a spokesman for China’s UN mission told AFP. China has proposed a Council statement on North Korea, but that proposal “has fallen on deaf ears in the United States,” he said.
The United States “knows what the best way to de-escalate is, but they simply refuse to do it,” this spokesman estimated.
The US plan is to reduce the amount of crude oil North Korea is allowed to import each year by four to three million barrels (525,000 tons to 393,750 tons). Refined oil imports, capped at 500,000 barrels per year, would rise to 375,000 barrels (or 46,875 tons).
The text would also ban North Korean exports of mineral fuels and watches, and any sale or transfer of tobacco and tobacco products to Pyongyang. It also provides sanctions for individuals and companies.
Tobacco and Cyber Activities
It would also prevent the supply of intelligence and communications to North Korea to counter cyber activities developed by Pyongyang to circumvent international sanctions.
When asked about a possible veto by China and Russia, the top US official limited himself to confirming: “We believe that this resolution has strong support because it is obviously an issue of great importance to us and our allies in Japan and Japan.” South Korea.
For a Security Council ambassador member speaking on condition of anonymity, a possible veto will have negative consequences for the UN on this file.
Pyongyang “is making progress on its ballistics program, continues to expand its sprawling nuclear activities, and is violating Security Council resolutions.” But “a split in the Security Council in this crisis would be bad,” he says, recalling that it is a crucial issue of “nuclear proliferation.”
“We should give priority to the unity of the Security Council’s five nuclear-armed states (US, Russia, China, UK and France) “on this issue.” “If the project is rejected, it will be good news for the young leader of North Korea and then we will be in a difficult position […] Keep up the pressure for a working sanctions regime,” he stressed.
In the past, North Korea has conducted six nuclear tests, most notably in 2017, sanctioned by a triple series of severe economic sanctions unanimously approved by the Security Council.
Since then, this Council has never managed to regain unity on this dossier. China and Russia have even gone so far as to draft a resolution on humanitarian easing of sanctions against Pyongyang.
According to diplomats, when North Korea has developed its ballistic armament and has several nuclear bombs, it has not yet managed to combine the two technologies.
North Korea’s missile launches on Wednesday came shortly after US President Joe Biden left the region, who came to Asia to reaffirm his support for Seoul and Tokyo amid the nuclear threat posed by Pyongyang.