Obesity is a public health problem, especially when we see that obesity is affecting more and more children and more and more young people. Phenomenon accelerated by the Covid pandemic.
Obesity: a major health problem
Overweight is calculated using the body mass index (BMI), i.e. the ratio of weight and height. According to the WHO, obesity is an excess of fat mass with consequences for the body.
This true chronic disease has multifactorial causes. It also has consequences such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, sleep apnea.
Stress, which can alter eating behavior, can be a triggering factor for obesity. There are also genetic factors, it is not uncommon for a family to have several obese individuals.
What methods to combat obesity?
Childhood obesity has doubled in two years since the health crisis. This is cause for concern. According to a study by Public Health France, more than one in ten 4-year-old children is overweight. For Jean-Pierre Faure, obesity surgeon at CHU Poitiers, dieting is the foundation of losing weight. The great difficulty is persevering over time, everyone should maintain their diet, but it is very difficult. Exhaustion, weight loss and weight regain, and dieting again often occur. What leads to significant fluctuations in weight gain is the yo-yo effect.
You don’t lose weight just by exercising.
Obesity represents real mental suffering and the rest of the body. Patients need support in various aspects: medicine, nutrition, physical activity.
Bariatric surgery is suggested when medical treatment fails. In rare cases, this operation affects children. At Poitiers University Hospital, surgeons are no longer doing gastric banding, which was once very fashionable. They tended to move and could cause complications.
Gastric sleeve: Removal of 80% of the stomach volume. The bypass allows the stomach to shrink to create a short circuit for eating less.
The operation is very effective, but it is cumbersome in postoperative care.