On behalf of the Minister of Health, Pierre Dimba, Professor Bénié Bi Vroh Joseph, Director of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, gave an update on the situation regarding the dengue fever epidemic in Côte d’Ivoire.
“Since early 2022, the Epidemiological Surveillance Service of the National Institute of Public Hygiene (INHP) has registered eleven (11) confirmed cases of dengue, including one fatality, as indicated in yesterday’s National Security Council press release. As of May 5, 2022, the epidemiological situation is as follows: Cocody-Bingerville Health District: 8 cases, 1 death; Treichville-Marcory Health District: 2 cases, 0 deaths; and Adiaké Health District: 1 case, 0 deaths. As with any epidemic, the number of cases will likely continue to evolve. In addition, all health services are on alert. And a point will be made if the situation develops,” he clarified.
He also specifies that “the epidemiological and entomological studies carried out have revealed the presence of mosquitoes responsible for the transmission of the disease, as well as a recent spread of the virus in the Cocody-Bingerville health district”.
In light of this new virus outbreak, the Ministry has drawn up an emergency plan. It is a multisectoral and multidisciplinary struggle involving different ministries, local authorities and civil society.
It is structured as follows: Activation of the Public Health Emergency Response Center; Raising public awareness of preventive measures; epidemiological and entomological studies; mosquito control in high-risk areas; Distribution of insecticide-impregnated bed nets in families and development of a response plan against this disease.
Go to the nearest health center and avoid self-medication
The Ministry of Health is asking people to be vigilant. For this, the director of the Inhp recommends “respecting the emptying of all water reservoirs after each rain; to drain standing water; to avoid storing containers containing water, in particular canaries, pans, old tyres, vehicle carcasses, in the houses and in the surrounding area; to weed the houses; sleeping under a mosquito net impregnated with insecticide and putting anti-mosquito screens on the doors and windows of houses”.
He also urged people “to go to the nearest health center and avoid self-medication if they develop symptoms of the disease.”
Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, commonly known as the tiger mosquito. The most severe form, dengue hemorrhagic fever, is a life-threatening complication.
This disease is manifested by high fever associated with headache, body aches, joint pain, retro-orbital pain and intense fatigue. The severe form is characterized by bleeding, abdominal pain, vomiting, which can lead to the death of the patient.