what separates women from men

THE ESSENTIAL

  • Researchers have identified several risk factors that trigger a heart attack in young men and women
  • In France, 200 women die every day from cardiac arrest, six times more than from breast cancer

It was known that young women are twice as likely to die from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) than men of the same age. A new study conducted by Yale and published in the Jama Network Open concluded that young men and young women aged 55 and under often have different risk factors.

Seven Risk Factors

According to the researchers, seven risk factors — including diabetes, depression, hypertension or hypertension, current smoking, family history of AMI, low household income, and high cholesterol — have been identified that are associated with an increased risk of AMI in women.

The strongest association was diabetes, followed by current smoking, depression, hypertension, low household income, and family history of AMI. In men, current smoking and family history of AMI were the main risk factors.

Some of these factors — including high blood pressure, diabetes, depression and poverty — have a greater impact on young women than young men, experts say.

Importance of studying young women

While rates of AMI in young women have increased in recent years, this study highlights the importance of specifically evaluating young women with heart attacks, “a group that has been largely overlooked in many studies and yet is as important as the Number of young women diagnosed with breast cancer,” says Dr. Harlan M. Krumholz, Yale Professor of Medicine and lead author of the paper.

Younger women account for about 5% of all heart attacks that occur in the United States each year. “This small percentage impacts a large number of people because a large number of AMIs occur in the United States each year,” said Yuan Lu, an assistant professor at Yale School of Medicine and lead author of the study.

importance of education

Lu stressed the importance of education. “When we talk about heart attacks in young women, people often don’t know about it,” she said.

In fact, research on heart attacks has mostly focused on men, although some of their symptoms differ from men’s.

For example, the signs of a heart attack can sometimes go unnoticed by women, their families, and professionals who attribute their symptoms to another health problem, the side effects of a drug, or think they are harmless. As a result, women don’t always get the care they need to prevent complications from heart attack and death.

Various symptoms

Chest pain is the most common symptom in both genders, but women are also at risk of experiencing the following symptoms: unusual tiredness that gets worse with activity, difficulty breathing, heartburn that is not relieved by antacids, nausea and/or vomiting that is not relieved by antacids, anxiety, chest tightness and pain that may spread to the neck, jaw, and shoulders, general weakness, paler complexion than usual, and sweating.

younger

In the United States, while heart attack hospitalization rates have declined over time, the proportion of younger people being hospitalized for a heart attack is increasing. “So there seems to be a general trend for AMI to appear earlier in life, making heart attack prevention particularly important at a younger age,” Yuan Lu said.

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