Two months of war in Ukraine | The cruel toll of the Russian invasion

This Sunday marks the 60thand Day of the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. balance sheet.

Posted at 5:00 am

Andre Duchesne

Andre Duchesne
The press

2435


PHOTO RODRIGO ABD, ASSOCIATED PRESS

Nadiya Trubchaninova, 70, sits next to a plastic bag containing the body of her son Vadym Trubchaninov, 48, who was killed by Russian soldiers in Boutcha. The bodies of dozens of civilians were found in this Kyiv suburb after the Russian army pulled out on March 31.

That’s how many civilians died in the conflict in Ukraine on April 21, according to a UN report. The size of the concentric circles shows that the cities with the most civilian casualties are Kyiv, Mariupol, Kharkiv, Chernihiv, Odessa and a few others. But the real toll could be much higher: in Mariupol alone, at least 20,000 people have died since the conflict began, according to regional authorities.

5,000,000


PHOTO ANGELOS TZORTZINIS, AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE ARCHIVES

Ukrainian refugees arrive March 28 in Medyka, Poland, the main border crossing point with Ukraine.

The number of Ukrainians who have fled their country since the invasion began passed 5 million on April 20. About 90% of these people are women and children. In addition, there are more than 7.7 million internally displaced persons. The distribution of refugees according to the main host countries is as follows:

  • Poland: 2,825,463
  • Romania: 757,047
  • Russia: 549,805
  • Hungary: 471,080
  • Moldova: 426,964
  • Slovakia: 342,813
  • Belarus: 23,759

20,000


PHOTO ARCHIVE REUTERS

Fighters of the Russian Armed Forces on the way to Mariupol, 15

Russia has used 10,000 to 20,000 mercenaries from Syria, Libya and other countries for its latest offensive in Donbass. Her monthly salary varies between $600 and $3,000 depending on experience, according to an article published on Wednesday The guard. These mercenaries have neither heavy equipment nor armored vehicles, a European official told the British daily.

141 to 5 (and 35 abstentions)


PHOTO MICHAEL M. SANTIAGO, AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE ARCHIVES

Russia’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Vassily Nebenzia, speaks during the UN General Assembly March 2.

On March 2, the seventh day of the aggression, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution by a vote of 141 to 5 calling for the withdrawal of Russian forces from Ukraine. Only Russia, Belarus, Eritrea, Syria and North Korea voted against this resolution. China, an ally of Russia, abstained, as did about twenty African countries, some of which are close to the Russian giant.

East, everyone!


PHOTO FADEL SENNA, AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE ARCHIVE

A column of smoke rises from Rubizhne, a town in Donbass, on April 7.

The Russian strategy has changed in the last month. After a major offensive in the north, east and south of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin’s troops are concentrating on the east of the country to “liberate” the Donbass mine basin. “We can now say that Russian troops have started the battle for Donbass, for which they have been preparing for a long time,” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said on April 18. A very large part of the entire Russian army is now devoted to this offensive. In this Russian-speaking region, Ukrainian forces have been in conflict with pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk and Luhansk provinces since spring 2014.

Mariupol


PHOTO ALEXANDER ERMOCHENKO, REUTERS ARCHIVE

A weeping resident of Mariupol stands in front of the ruins of an apartment building on April 19.

Mariupol in the very south of the Donbass is the martyr city of this offensive. The capture of this strategic port in the Sea of ​​Azov is key to creating a continuous corridor under Russian control between Crimea, occupied since 2014, and Donbass. Such a win would also pave the way to Moldova, where Russia supports the separatist region of Transnistria, even a senior Russian military official hinted on Friday. For several days, Mariupol has been besieged by Russian troops. The last Ukrainian resistance fighters have entrenched themselves on the site of the Azovstal steelworks. Russia is trying by all means to close Donbass by May 9, a patriotic holiday.

genocide


PHOTO RODRIGO ABD, ASSOCIATED PRESS ARCHIVE

Nearly 300 bodies were buried in mass graves in Boutcha, according to Ukrainian authorities.

After the withdrawal of Russian forces from northern Ukraine, the bodies of dozens of civilians who had been shot and left behind were discovered on the streets of the city of Bucha near Kyiv. In the days that followed, Western leaders, including US President Joe Biden and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, began using the word “genocide” about Russia’s offensive in Ukraine. Karim Khan, prosecutor at the International Criminal Court, said during a site visit: “Ukraine is a crime scene. »

750


PHOTO MARKUS SCHREIBER, Associated Press Archive

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau answers reporters’ questions after an extraordinary NATO summit March 24 in Brussels.

Since February 24, Canada has imposed sanctions on more than 750 people from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine in connection with the conflict. A month earlier it was 500. Since Russia invaded Crimea in 2014, Canada has imposed sanctions on more than 1,200 people linked to Vladimir Putin’s regime.

Two months of war in pictures

  • A Ukrainian fighter jet attempts to shoot down a Russian drone on the front line east of Kharkiv on March 31.

    PHOTO FADEL SENNA, AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE

    A Ukrainian fighter jet attempts to shoot down a Russian drone on the front line east of Kharkiv on March 31.

  • A Ukrainian soldier March 30 comforts an elderly woman who had just been evacuated from Irpin on the outskirts of Kyiv.

    PHOTO RODRIGO ABD, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    A Ukrainian soldier March 30 comforts an elderly woman who had just been evacuated from Irpin on the outskirts of Kyiv.

  • Residents of the village of Buzova, west of Kyiv, examine the wreckage of a Russian tank April 10.

    PHOTO SERGEI SUPINSKY, AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

    Residents of the village of Buzova, west of Kyiv, examine the wreckage of a Russian tank April 10.

  • Relatives of Mykhailo Romaniuk - the man who was killed on his bicycle by Russian soldiers in Boutcha and whose pictures went around the world - buried his coffin in the ground on April 19.

    PHOTO YASUYOSHI CHIBA, AGENCE FRANCE PRESS

    Relatives of Mykhailo Romaniuk – the man who was killed on his bicycle by Russian soldiers in Boutcha and whose pictures went around the world – buried his coffin in the ground on April 19.

  • Funeral of a victim of the Russian bombings in Irpin near Kyiv on April 17

    PHOTO GLEB GARANICH, REUTERS

    Funeral of a victim of the Russian bombings in Irpin near Kyiv on April 17

  • A man injured in the April 19 Russian air force bombing of a factory in Kramatorsk, Donetsk province, as Vladimir Putin's army intensified its offensive in the east of the country.

    PHOTO PETROS GIANNAKOURIS, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    A man injured in the April 19 Russian air force bombing of a factory in Kramatorsk, Donetsk province, as Vladimir Putin’s army intensified its offensive in the east of the country.

  • A shopping center in Kyiv that was reduced to rubble by a bombardment on March 21

    PHOTO EFREM LUKATSKY, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    A shopping center in Kyiv that was reduced to rubble by a bombardment on March 21

  • Vlad Tanyuk, 6, next to the grave of his mother Ira, who was buried on April 4 in the garden of the family house on the outskirts of Kyiv

    PHOTO RODRIGO ABD, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    Vlad Tanyuk, 6, next to the grave of his mother Ira, who was buried on April 4 in the garden of the family house on the outskirts of Kyiv

  • Survivors of Boutcha greet Ukrainian soldiers as a convoy arrives there after the city's liberation on April 2.

    PHOTO VADIM GHIRDA, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    Survivors of Boutcha greet Ukrainian soldiers as a convoy arrives there after the city’s liberation on April 2.

  • On the platform of the Kramatorsk train station lies a corpse that was hit by two Russian missiles on April 8.  Toll: 52 dead.

    PHOTO ANATOLII STEPANOV, FRANCE PRESS AGENCY

    On the platform of the Kramatorsk train station lies a corpse that was hit by two Russian missiles on April 8. Toll: 52 dead.

  • Wounded in Russian bombardment of Mariupol, Dima, 3, on his hospital bed, March 29

    PHOTO MARKO DJURICA, REUTERS

    Wounded in Russian bombardment of Mariupol, Dima, 3, on his hospital bed, March 29

  • Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy denounced on April 4.

    PHOTO EFREM LUKATSKY, ASSOCIATED PRESS

    Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy denounced on April 4.

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